Bali Barat

Bali Barat National Park (West Bali National Park) is located on the nort western side of Bali, Indonesia. The park covers around 19.002,89 hectares, of which are 15.000 hectares land and remainder is sea. This is approximately 5 % of Bali's total land area. To the north, it includes 1 km long beach, reef and islets. A seaport at Gilimanuk is west of the park, and the village of Goris is to the east. The national park can be reached by roads from Gilimanuk and Singaraja, or by using ferries from Ketapang, East Java.

There are several habits in the national park, savanna, rainforest, monsoon forest, mangrove swamp and coral reef are home to a range of small animals, prolific marine life and approximately 160 species of bird, including the efusive and endangered Bali starling. Bali's one true endemic creature. This was also once the province of Bali Tiger, but the last one was shot here in the 1930s.

Just a fraction of the national park is open to the public and its biggest attraction by far is Pulau Menjangan (Deer Island), whose spectacular coral reefs draw snorkellers and divers from all over Bali. On dry land, encroachment and illegal tree felling has degraded some of the forest and the handful of rarely-trekked trails are only worth it for the reasonably rewarding bird-watching, though you can also take a boat trip through the shoreline mangroves, Grey Macaques live in the roadside forest and can often be seen waiting for titbits from passing drivers.

Bali Barat National Park located at the geographical position between 114o25' - 114o34' East and 8o05' - 8o 5' South, temperature on average 33o C, rainfall 972 - 1550 mm/year.

This Park has 175 species of plant, 14 of which are endangered species like Bayur (Pterospermum javanicum), Ketangi (Lagerstroemia speciosa), Burahol (Stelechocarpus burahol), Cendana or Sandalwood (Santalum album), and Sonokeling (Dalbergia latifolia).

As well as the Bali Starling (Leucopsar rothcshildi), an endangered and endemic species, the park also has other birds such as the Black-winged Starling (Sturnus melanopterus), Yellow-vented Bulbul (Pycnonotus goiavier), and Black-headed Ibis (Threskiornis melanocephalus).

Bali Starling, the mascot of the Park, loves a clean habitat and has a short flying range. Being easy to catch, this species need special care and protection to safeguard it decreasing population.

Among the animal to be found here are Banteng (Bos javanicus javanicus), Barking Deer (Muntiacus muntjak nainggolani), Marbled Cat (Pardofelis marmorata), Pangolin (Manis javanica), South-east Asia Porcupine (Hystrix brachyura brachyura), and Lesser-malay Mouse Deer (Tragulus javanicus javanicus).

The sea biota inhabiting the waters around Menjangan Island and Tanjung Gela comprise some 45 species of coral including Halimedia macroloba, Chromis spp., Balistes spp., Zebrasoma spp. and Ypsiscarus ovifrons.

Thirty two species of fish including Pinnate Batfish (Platax pinnatus), Rabbitfish (Siganus sp.),  and Barracuda (Sphyraena sp.) and nine species of sea mollusc such as the Southern Giant Clam (Tridacna derasa), Trumpet Triton (Charonia tritonis), and Large Claw Mussel (Tridacna gigas).

The Tegal Blunder Trail is most popular with birdwatchers, and it is an easy two hour walk. The ranger checkpoint is at the village of Slumber Klampok, about 20 minutes west of Cekik. From the same checkpoint you can take the more strenuous Gunung Klatakan Trail to the south east. This is tougher walking for about five hours, but it takes you through some memorable rainforest. There are other trails and opportunities for interesting hikes, but these are the two most popular and the easiest. Ask guides about other opportunities at the time, particularly those involving hiking deeper into the Prapat Agung Peninsula.

Declare by Minister of Forestry No. 493/Kpts-II/1995. September 15, 1995.