Bali Island, one of the provinces in Indonesia, and this provinces located between Java Island and Lombok Island. The frame area of this island is from the north than is surrounded by Bali Sea (Laut Bali), in the east limited by Lombok Strait, in the south limited by Indonesian Ocean and in the west is limited by Bali Strait. Bali Province is consisted of Bali Island, Nusa Penida Island, Nusa Lembongan Island, Nusa Ceningan Island and Menjangan Island and it is thorough out about 5,632.86 sq km. Base on the administration, Bali is consisted of 8 districts, 53 sub districts and 674 villages.
Bali Island is a strategic area, because this area is connecting the transportation between Java and other island in east of Bali Island (Nusa Tenggara). Bali is also located between Asia and Australia. Geographically in the center of Bali, some mount spread out on this island like Agung Mount (3,142 m above sea level), Batur Mount (1,717 m), Abang Mount (2,152) and Batukaru Mount (2,276 m). Besides of mountain, Bali also has some lakes like Batur Lake (110 Ha), Beratan Lake (375.6 Ha), Buyan Lake (336 Ha) and Tamblingan Lake (110 Ha). Bali Island is a tropic area that is influenced by two seasons a year that is dry season and wet season. The temperature is about 24
oC to 30.8 oC.
The main religion practiced in Bali is form of Hinduism called Agama Hindu Dharma, where the Hindu itself is consisted of some religious sect, but in Bali all of Balinese Hinduism is the Ciwa. The two religions (Hindu and Buddhist) arrive from Java and some extend from India during the 8 th to 16 th centuries. The main symbol of Balinese Hinduism is the Swastika or wheel of the sun. An important belief is than elements of nature are influenced by spirit, which has been appeased. As such offerings (sesajen) made from agriculture product are offered to this spirit. It is believed that Mount Agung is the abode of the the Gods and the ancestors. As such, it is revered as the 'mother' mountain and is highly sacred to the Balinese about 79%.
The religion in Bali is according to three principles those are Desa (place), Kala (time) and Patra (circumstance). Five pillar of faith acknowledge Hinduism. They are believe in the one supreme Gods (Sang Hyang Widhi Wasa), belief in the soul as the universal principle of life and consciousness (Atma), belief in the fruition of one's deed (Karma Pala), belief in the process of birth and death (Samsara) and belief in ultimate release (Moksa). The religious rites of the Balinese consist of the human rites (Manusa Yadnya), the rites of the dead (Pitra Yadnya), rites of the gods or temple rites (Dewa Yadnya), rites of the demonic forces (Buta Yadnya) and ordainment rites (Rsi Yadnya). Holy water, fire, ash, geese, duck, eggs and dabdab tree leave are purifying elements used in the ritual. The Balinese are extremely devout and no day goes by without making offering to the gods. These daily offerings-called Banten are a major part of Balinese life. You will see there offering nearly everywhere in Bali. Made of flower, cigarettes, cookies, rice and even sometimes money (the actual items used are not as important as the process of making and offering it to the spirits), these offering are given to the good spirits in hopes of continued prosperity as well as to the evil spirits as an appeasement.
Bali, a tropical island in the Indonesia archipelago, is so picturesque and immaculate it could almost be a painted backdrop. It has rice paddies tripping down hillsides like giant steps, volcanoes soaring up through the clouds, dense tropical jungle, long sandy beaches, warm blue water, crashing surf and friendly people who don't just have a culture but actually live it. In Bali spirits come out to the play in the moonlight, every night is a festival and even a funeral is an opportunity to have a good time.
Bali Island, the perfect holiday destination for all ages offer something for everyone. This tropical paradise has a unique blend of modern tourist fasilities combined with wonderful shopping and a rich past and heritage. The Balinese people are proud of having preserved their unique Hindu culture against the advance of Islam, the dominant religion throughout Indonesia. This is still reflected in day to day life and can be seen in the numerous ceremonies, Balinese festivals and magnificent temples and palaces. Some of the best surfing beaches in the world can be found on the western side of the island whilst conversely the eastern side is a wonderful haven for families, with beautiful white sand beaches and gentle seas.